The Castle of Paphos is one of the most famous landmarks of the City. Originally a Byzantine fort, it was built to protect the harbor but was destroyed due of an earthquake in the year 1222. The fort was rebuilt into a Castle by the Lusignans in the 13th century. Since then it had a few more reconstructions and it used to be a prison as well. These days, it serves as a background for the annual open-air Paphos cultural festival, which takes place in September.
The diminutive castle guarding the harbour entrance is reached by a small stone bridge across a narrow moat. The stump base of the easterly tower is still visible, although it is now half submerged.